The Importance of Job Safety Analysis
Workers in construction and heavy industry projects are always at risk of injury. Risk cannot be entirely eliminated but it can be reduced and controlled using standard procedures and good work practices. Jobs involving great risks are already taken as something normal on the job. You need to ask the question of how much risk you and your employees are willing to accept.
There is no daily task without risks involved. Exposure determines that amount of risk. It is the probability of something bad happening and the severity of the outcome. There are daily risks to every decision we make. Do you understand the risk and are you willing to accept it?
Management should function to control risk. In order to understand risk and keep it in an acceptable level, there are good tools that can be used. The common tool used for understanding and controlling risk is the job safety analysis.
Risk has to be controlled by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisors. It is important to make sure that all who need to be involved are given an opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them, in both the planning and execution of a task.
Sometimes the problem is with workers who don’t report that hazards that they discover. Many incident investigations have found that workers in the area know that hazards exist. Some thought that hazard was normal and some think the risk was acceptable. So how do managers get employees help reduce risk?
One of the things that complicates communication of risk on a construction site is the fact that each person’s perception of risk and level of risk tolerance is different. Job safety analysis is a tool that can improve and document the communication process so that there will be mutual understanding of risks by all involved.
In the heavy industry, job safety analysis is an important part of the risk management process. It is a management tool used to reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptable level by allowing all members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures and hazards associated with completing the task.
What affects the quality of information on the document and the level of input by workers involved is the kind of perception, good or bad, of the job safety analysis as a planning tool by the person completing it.
The amount of trust given to individuals and internal power relations influences the willingness of employees to communicate and control risk. Individual experience, risk assessment, and individual perception of a particular risk with respect to other people on the team or in the area are other factors that influence communication. For every project, you just want to finish it on time, under budget with everyone safe.